Decommissioned materials still have lots of potential. Take these plastic bottles, for example, which are being used to build schools.
In Scotland, a company is developing creative new uses for wind turbines that have been replaced by newer, more efficient models.
Since older incarnations are only 75% recyclable, it is important that items such as rotor blades, which are made from carbon fiber reinforced plastic, are given a new lease of life.
They could be converted into skate parks or used as public bins. In the Netherlands old wind turbines blades have been used to build playgrounds and a bike shed.
In Ireland, meanwhile, it’s noise barriers and bridges. Creative repurposing: time to throw caution to the wind.