Diarrhoea is easily recognised. Diabetes less so.
Now an international team has developed an AI platform that could help detect vascular diseases. The system learns using a combination of 2D video images of blood flow and the laws of physics.
This way, conclusions can be drawn about the speed of blood flow compared to healthy vessels, and how much stress is exerted on the vessel wall.
Microaneurysms, tiny bulges in the blood vessels of a diabetic’s eye, are a sign of diabetic retinopathy, which can lead to blindness.
A microaneurysm was simulated using a microfluidic chip, the images of which were shown to the AI.
It, in turn, successfully predicted the characteristics of blood circulation within the chip.